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Dried Cannabis 101

Starseed strives to make understanding medical cannabis easy with the Starseed System™ as a visual guide to help patients adhere to their prescribed medical cannabis plan.

But have you ever been confused by the vast terminology of cannabis terms and phrases? Maybe you’ve purchased a product before, but it was not what you expected. Or perhaps you’ve shied away from products because you didn’t know what they were. Well, you’re not alone. Many medical cannabis patients have felt lost navigating their way through product details, but we’re here to help!

Knowing the definitions of cannabis terms can help you be confident in making educated decisions for yourself. Use this glossary as a tool when you’ve found yourself unsure of the meaning of words or phrases used on our website.

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Glossary (From A to Z)

Aroma: The smell imparted by the aromatic compounds present in the cannabis product.

Balanced: Refers to a product or cultivar that contains varying levels of both THC and CBD. It can also be referred to as 1:1. Balanced products can help to manage a wide variety of symptoms and are labeled as Star-2 in the Starseed System.

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Blend: A classification of a cannabis product with 2 or more different varieties of dried flower mixed together.

Cannabinoid Profile: The specific combination of cannabinoids present in a cannabis cultivar or product.

Cannabinoids: The chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant that give the plant its unique therapeutic properties. CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) are the most well-known and researched. The combination of these compounds leads to diverse effects depending on the specific cannabinoid profile.

CBD: CBD-dominant products are labeled as Star-1 in the Starseed System. The acronym for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating cannabinoid that demonstrates anti-inflammatory properties. When used in conjunction with THC, CBD can reduce the negative effects of THC. The potential therapeutic effects of CBD include reducing anxiety, insomnia, chronic pain, inflammation, and opioid usage.

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Cultivar: A cannabis plant variety that has been bred for certain traits and characteristics.

Dried Flower: The consumable part of the cannabis plant that contains a variety of cannabinoids, terpenes and other compounds. Dried flower refers to the flower that has been cured and dried. It can then be further processed into different forms of cannabis extracts.

Flavour: The combination of terpenes that contribute to the taste of the cannabis product.

Hybrid: A classification of cannabis species that describes a cannabis cultivar that has been bred from 2 or more cannabis varieties. Hybrids can provide a wide range of effects.

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Indica: A classification of cannabis species that describes a female cannabis plant that is short and bushy, with short and wide leaves. To some, indica cultivars provide more sedating or physical effects.

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Pistils: The small white, orange, red or brown hairs found  on the female cannabis plant.

Potency: The strength or the concentrations of cannabinoids in a cannabis product. The cannabinoids are often represented as a percentage or milligrams per weight of the product. On a cannabis product label, it can appear in 2 ways:

1. The THC and CBD content represents the amount of THC and CBD  present in the product before activation.

2. Total THC or Total CBD represents the amount of THC and CBD present in the product after activation.

For products that are meant to be heated before consumption, like dried flower, the first numbers (“THC” and “CBD”) will be considerably lower than the “total” numbers because they represent the inactive state of the purchased product. In ingestible products, like edibles and capsules, and vape carts filled with distillate, however, the cannabinoids have already been activated through processing and are ready for consumption, so both sets of numbers will typically be the same.

Prepared/Pre-Milled: Dried cannabis flower that has been gently ground into a milled size for convenience and ease of use. You’ll find Prepared products packaged in a larger 15g pouch in Starseed’s shop.

Resin: The sticky substance found within the trichomes. This is where the highest concentration of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other compounds reside, and give each cannabis plant its unique qualities.

Sativa: A classification of cannabis species that describes a female cannabis plant that is tall and slim, with long, thin leaves. To some, sativa cultivars provide uplifting, energizing or cerebral effects.

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Strain: The term denotes a specific variety of the cannabis plant, each possessing distinct characteristics, flavours, fragrances, and effects.

Terpene Profile: The dominant terpenes in a cannabis variety that works in conjunction with the cannabinoid profile to produce unique effects that are associated with different cannabis cultivars. See “Terpenes”.

Terpenes: The naturally occurring chemical compounds found in plants . They are responsible for the aroma and flavour in cannabis varieties and may provide unique therapeutic effects.

THC: THC-dominant products are labeled as Star-3 in the Starseed System. The acronym for Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant  responsible for the psychoactive effects; often associated with the feeling of being “high”. The potential therapeutic effects of THC include pain relief, muscle spasm relief, sleep aid,  appetite stimulator, nausea suppressant and  mood elevator.

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The Entourage Effect: The theory that all cannabis compounds work together, and when taken simultaneously, produce a better effect than if taken alone.

Trichomes: Tiny, bulbous head crystalline structures that cover the surface of cannabis flowers and leaves. These tiny reservoirs house resin and cannabinoids, giving the plant its stickiness and potency.

This glossary of terms was designed to empower patients, ensuring they have the knowledge needed to discuss their health needs effectively with healthcare providers and within support communities. Understanding these terms not only aids in making informed decisions but also fosters a sense of confidence and ownership in one’s own therapeutic journey.

Medical cannabis has a wide variety of recognized therapeutic uses, and when consumed responsibly, can be a safe, effective and natural way to manage a variety of symptoms. If you believe that medical cannabis may be beneficial in treating your symptoms, it is recommended that you consult with your Health Care Practitioner or contact us for more information.

Previous Article
A Brief History of Medical Cannabis
Medical Cannabis became legal in Canada in 2001 but the use of this powerful plant goes back over 1000’s of years. Historically, it has been used, not only medically and recreationally, but also in spiritual practices and as a textile for paper and cloth, and even ships’ ropes and sails. So how far back does the use of the cannabis plant go? It all began a very long time ago... From ancient Chinese medicine to being a vital component of global trade and exploration, cannabis has journeyed through ages, facing prohibition and stigma. As the tides of public opinion shifted, Canada emerged as pioneers, ushering a new era of accessibility and acceptance, reshaping the narrative of cannabis in Canadian society. Today, Starseed Medicinal is a trusted source of medical cannabis, and offers a broad variety of high-quality products in different formats and cannabinoid profiles, using the Starseed System. Visit our shop to view our full suite of products. You can order through our online shop 24/7, or place your order by phone at 1-844-756-7333. Our Client Care Team is available to take your order, Monday to Friday, 9am – 6pm EST. References: Tattrie, Jon. "Cannabis Legalization in Canada". The Canadian Encyclopedia, 17 October 2019, Historica Canada. Accessed 06 December 2023. Homegrown Apothecary. “History of Cannabis- A Timeline”. Home Grown Apothecary, 7 February 2023,  King , M. (2021, July 14). History of drug policy in Canada. Canadian Drug Policy Coalition. Hathaway, A. D. (2009). BC’s Mental Health and Addictions Journal - here to help. The Legal History and Cultural Experience of Cannabis.
Next Article
How to Read Product Labels
Medical cannabis labels contain important details about the products within the package. This is where you will find all the information you need to understand what you are consuming. Starting with the front label, here is a detailed guide on how to make sense of it: Front Label 1. Standardized Cannabis Symbol This symbol is required on the front of cannabis products that contain more than 10 micrograms per gram of THC. It is used to warn consumers that the product contains THC. The symbol is a white cannabis leaf inside a red hexagon, bearing the abbreviation “THC” on a black background. 2. Brand Name The Licensed Producer’s company brand name and logo. 3. Class of Cannabis The type or class of cannabis the product belongs to. This is the format of the cannabis product that is being purchased. The categories can include: · Dried Flower · Cannabis plant seeds · Vapes, Inhalers · Edible cannabis – soft chews, chewing gum, chocolates, etc. · Cannabis extracts – oils, softgels · Cannabis topicals – compounds, patches, lotions 4. Cannabis Cultivar/Product Name The name of the unique product that is in the package. It could be listed as the cannabis cultivar or the brand’s product name for the item. 5. THC and CBD The potency of the two primary cannabinoids, THC and CBD. To help consumers make informed decisions, the amounts are shown in two ways: · “THC” and “CBD” · “Total THC” and “Total CBD” When cannabinoids are exposed to heat or oxygen, a process called decarboxylation, they become activated. When cannabis is decarboxylated, its cannabinoid levels increase. The first numbers on the label, listed as “THC” and “CBD”, represent the active cannabinoid levels in the product. Dried cannabis will have a lower level of active cannabinoids because it has not been decarboxylated yet. The second set of numbers listed as “Total THC” and “Total CBD” represent the active cannabinoid levels in the product when it is ready for consumption. Oils, softgels, vapes, inhalers, soft chews and topicals will have the same numbers for both “THC” and “CBD”, and “Total THC” and “Total CBD” because the cannabinoids were activated during production and do not need to be decarboxylated further for consumption. For dried flower, this number will be higher because the cannabinoids will increase once heated. The amount of THC and CBD in a product can be presented in different ways: · Amount by weight: If a 7-gram package of dried cannabis is labeled as “THC 180 mg/g”, it means the entire package contains 1,260 mg of THC (180 mg multiplied by 7 g). · Amount by unit: If a package of 4 pieces of edible cannabis is labeled as “THC per unit 2.5 mg”, it means  the entire package contains 10 mg of THC (2.5 mg multiplied by 4 pieces). · Total amount: If a package of edible cannabis is labeled as “THC 10 mg”, it means  the entire package contains 10 mg of THC. · By activation: If an oral spray is labeled as “Total THC per activation 2.5 mg”, it means that 2.5 mg of THC will be dispensed per spray. Handy Tip - Converting potency from mg/g to %: Converting mg/g to % is simple – move the decimal point one spot to the left and you’ll determine the percentage of THC or CBD. For example, if the potency for dried flower is listed as 246 mg/g of Total THC, then it contains 24.6% THC. To do this conversion, always use the “Total THC” or “Total CBD” listed. 6. Standardized Health Warning: A message highlighted in yellow that includes a warning about the potential health risks and effects of using cannabis. All cannabis products must have a health warning message on the front of the product label. There are several health warning messages  created by Health Canada based on the most recent scientific research findings on cannabis. Back Label 1. How to open the package infographic Different styles of packaging can be difficult to open. The infographic is a step-by-step guide on how to open the packaging properly so that it can be resealed after use. 2. Class of cannabis product See #3. 3. Warning Statement All product labels need to indicate “KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN / TENIR HORS DE LA PORTÉE DES ENFANTS”. 4. Recommended storage conditions The recommended storage conditions such as temperature, light conditions, or humidity to ensure the product’s quality. 5. Expiry Date Expiry dates are used to communicate the stability of the product regarding potency. Edibles must have a durable life date (“best before”) if the quality of the product will degrade within 90 days of manufacturing. This does not mean the product expires or is unsafe for consumption after the date, but its potency, flavour, texture or freshness may have changed. 6. Licensed Producer’s Contact Information The contact details how to contact the Licensed Producer. 7. Net Weight and Number of Units / Dried Cannabis Equivalent The total weight of the product per package and per unit if applicable. The number of individual pieces that are within a package – such as 4 soft chews or 20 softgel capsules. Cannabis extracts and edibles will include the Dried Cannabis Equivalency on the label. This information can help you determine if you’re within the public possession limit of 30 grams. Medical cannabis patients may be authorized to carry up to 150 grams or a 30-day supply of dried cannabis or the equivalent, in addition to the 30 grams allowed for non-medical purposes. 8. Lot Number and Packaging Date The Lot number refers to a specific harvest or “lot” of products, which helps the Licensed Producer to trace it back to their quality control processes. The packaged date refers to when the product was sealed in its final packaging. 9. Other Information – Terpenes, Ingredients Licensed Producers can choose to list the terpenes tested in the unique Lot of the product. The first line “Total Terpenes Tested” indicates the total percentage that is present in the product. The specific terpenes are listed in descending order of dominance. A list of ingredients is required on the product label for: · cannabis extracts · cannabis topicals · edible cannabis Ingredients are listed in descending order of weight. This means that a product contains more of the first ingredient and less of the last ingredient on the list of ingredients. Understanding a cannabis label is an important part of making educated and informed decisions about the products you are consuming. There is a lot of information that can be found on the label but once you know what they mean, it can be extremely helpful. Be sure to read every label carefully to find the information you need before consuming.