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Have you heard about CBN?

September 20th, 2022 by The Starseed Team

You’ve probably heard all about the two most well-known major cannabinoids, THC and CBD. Meanwhile, the cannabis plant also produces many other minor cannabinoids like CBN (cannabinol). THC appears to break down into CBN over time or with heat, which is why CBN is commonly referred to as “older THC”. For that reason, it’s usually present in high amounts in older cannabis plants.1

CBN has a distinct effect than the other major cannabinoids, THC and CBD. While the research on CBN and sleep remains inconclusive, CBN is believed to have significantly fewer intoxication effects than THC and is beginning to gain more recognitions for its ‘sedative effect’ as a sleep aid. This means it slows down the body to relax, which may be done by reducing mental distraction, calming active muscles, or generally enhancing physical comfort.

Although THC and CBD have traditionally been the focus of cannabis research, other plant cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids), such as CBN, have unique therapeutic properties that may contribute meaningfully to the “Entourage Effect” of cannabis.3

Pro-Tip:

Sleep disturbances are frequently reported as one of the primary reasons for taking medical cannabis, and there is growing interest in the therapeutic potential of cannabinoids to treat sleep disorders. However, many people are concerned about the potency of THC, so they turn to CBD, a non-sedative that is typically used to treat pain and anxiety during the day. CBN may be used as an alternate therapeutic option as it has been anecdotally reported to help in sleep and with a significant lower risk of intoxication.

CBN is also being studied for potential uses as an anticonvulsant, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory agent.1

Although CBN doesn’t currently have any known side effects, this doesn’t mean that they don’t exist. It just means that CBN hasn’t been studied enough to discover them.

If you are struggling with sleep disorder, chronic pain or emotional distress and considering CBN, we recommend speaking to a Healthcare practitioner for tailored treatment.

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If you have any other questions about our products or services, please don’t hesitate to call us at 1-844-756-7333 or email us at info@starseed.com.


References:
1) Kendall, D., & Alexander, S.P.H. (2017). Cannabinoid Pharmacology. In Advances in Pharmacology Cannabinoid Pharmacology (80th edition). Academic Press.
2) Adapted from, Rudaz, S., Veuthey, J., & Christen, P. (2005). Extraction and analysis of different cannabis samples by headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Journal of Separation Science, 28, 2293-2300.
3) Russo, E.B. (2011). Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects. British Journal of Pharmacology, 163(7): 1344–1364

Previous Article
The Potential Effects of Terpenes in Medical Cannabis
Terpenes are aromatic organic chemicals found in all plants. They determine the scent of many flowers and herbs and are responsible for the taste and flavours of cannabis. Terpenes created in unique combinations are what give plants their fragrance, taste, and appearance. A plant’s terpenes are also a way to protect itself from predators or to attract insects for pollination. Because terpenes produce vibrant smells, they form the basis of many essential oils and are an integral part of many alternative therapies, such as aromatherapy. Inhaling the scents from some plants and essential oils may affect a person’s mood and stress levels. Terpenes in Cannabis With hundreds of fully characterized terpenes, terpenes are the largest group of plant chemicals. While many of these occur in concentrations too low to detect, some have a more robust presence. Emerging evidence suggests that all plant compounds in cannabis work together synergistically—this is known as the entourage effect and can be thought of as: The whole of all compounds present in cannabis are more together than the sum of its parts. In other words, a special whole-plant synergy occurs when cannabinoids and terpenes are consumed together, as opposed to by themselves. According to a published article from the National Center for Biotechnology Information, well-respected cannabis researcher, Dr. Ethan Russo asserts that terpenes are more effective when consumed along with the main active cannabinoids, THC, and CBD. The assertion from the scientific community is that THC, CBD, and now terpenes work better consumed collectively as a full dose, rather than in isolates. Together, the cannabinoids add up to greater than the sum of their parts, but alone, their full potential isn’t fully harnessed. Some examples of well-known cannabis terpenoids include limonene, myrcene, α-pinene, linalool, β-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, nerolidol and phytol. The top 5 terpenes While there are many terpenes in the natural world, scientists have only studied a handful. Examples of better-known terpenes include: Myrcene Most cannabis cultivars are dominant in either myrcene or caryophyllene. Myrcene, a terpene that’s also predominant in hops and lemongrass, has been described as delivering scent notes that are herbaceous, spicy, earthy, and musky. Myrcene gives cannabis a mildly sweet flavor profile—it’s also found in mangoes. Caryophyllene Caryophyllene, also known as beta-caryophyllene or β-caryophyllene, lends a spicy, peppery bite to some cannabis strains. Caryophyllene is also found in other plants such as cloves, rosemary, oregano, and black pepper. Caryophyllene is the only known terpene found in cannabis that is believed to bind to the CB2 receptor in the endocannabinoid system, which is found in the body’s immune system. Thanks to this unique action, caryophyllene is sometimes also classed as an atypical cannabinoid. Limonene Limonene is a common terpene that most people can recognize by its scent. As the name suggests, limonene gives the rinds of fruits such as lemons and oranges their citrusy smell. Limonene is found in the rinds of citrus fruits and ginger, and the terpene is also predominant in many cannabis cultivars that have a fruity, fresh bouquet aroma. Pinene Pinene is another naturally abundant terpene. There are two forms of pinene: a-pinene and b-pinene. Pinene provides the fresh, bright scent of many plants, including pine needles, rosemary, and basil. Linalool Linalool is most abundant in the lavender plant and gives the flower its rich scent. Linalool is one of the more important compounds in aromatherapy and is responsible for the calming effect many people get when smelling lavender or its essential oil. Linalool does appear to act on the body, but researchers must study its effects further to understand how people can use it to benefit their health. The growing clinical interest in these aromatic compounds is yielding some fascinating findings. It’s likely that the coming years will see a more sophisticated understanding of terpenes develop, and how they behave both individually and synergistically. If you have questions about our products or services, please reach out to our Client Care Team at 1-844-756-7333 of info@starseed.com

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